Wild medicinal flora is rich in medicinal plants that provide a diuretic and salureticheskoe action, which can be useful aids in edema of various origins (for heart, kidney, liver, and some metabolic diseases). Medicinal plant Lespedeza capitata, alcoholate and lyophilizates which (rich in flavonoids), entitled lespenefril applied as effective tools with nephritis with azotemia. In the application of many of these plants physicians rely on the fact that they cause enhanced diuresis come easier removal of concretions from urinary tract infections. Some of these plants to their impact on the exchange of electrolytes and their solubility in urine, to a certain extent may affect directly the formation of urinary stones. A significant group of providers diuretic effect of plant due to their content of essential oils and other substances with antimicrobial activity, and is used in infectious inflammatory diseases of the renal pelvis and urinary tract. As an example of a typical plant with a strong diuretic effect at very low toxicity, we indicate the elder (Sambucus ebulus L.).
Other wild or cultivated plants in Bulgaria, which have a diuretic effect, a very well-tolerated patients taking prepared from these aqueous broths: celery (Apium graviolens L.), Asparagus (Asparagus officinalis L.), parsley (Petroselinum sativum Hoffm.), goldenrod (Solidago virgaurea L.), strawberry (Fragaria vesca L.), rest-harrow (Ononis arvensis L.), prickly thistle (Onopordon acanthium L.), white birch (Betula pendula Roth.), kolyuchnik (Carlina acanthifolia AIL), dittany (Dictamnus albus L.), cleavers (Galium aparine L.), dyer's broom (Genista tinctoria L.), smooth (Herniaria glabra L.). All the above plants may be useful in urolithiasis, but it can get better results when using horsetail (Equisetum arvense L.). The compounds of silicon, which is rich in this plant, standing out in the urine, serve as a protective colloid, which supports an equilibrium between colloids and crystalloids and may thus to some extent obstruct the process of formation of urinary concretions. Madder dyeing (Rubia tinctorium L.) has a direct lytic action on the calcium-and magnesium-phosphate urinary stones. On a more specific indications point to the application for the treatment of urolithiasis following plants, such as: Cherry Field (Physalis alkekengi L.) and knot-grass (Polygonum aviculare L.), due to the fact that this plant (like a bottlebrush), a silicon rich compounds.
In some cases, using the means of herbal medicine, it is possible achieve satisfactory results and in infectious and inflammatory diseases of the urinary tract, especially in chronic, difficult-to-modern antibacterial chemotherapy pielitah and cystitis. For this should bear in mind the plant, which, along with the diuretic, and the inherent antimicrobial action, especially against pathogens, the most common pathogens uroinfektsy. This group of medicinal plants include: bearberry (Arctostaphyllos uva ursi (L.) Spreng), juniper (Juniperus communis L.), black poplar (Populus nigra L.), lingonberry (Vaccinium vitis-idea L.), pimpernel Field (Anagalis arvensis L. ), chamomile drug (Matricaria chamomilla), elderberry (Sambucus ebulus L.). In the early stages of prostatic hypertrophy well-known relief may have some medicinal plants and, in particular, leaves of hazelnut (Corylus avellana L.) and a decoction of the roots feverweed field (Eryngium campestre L.).