Acute pancreatitis is also divided hydropic – characterized by swelling of the pancreas and multiple foci of necrosis in the adipose tissue around it Necrotizing – extensive tissue necrosis of the pancreas with areas of hemorrhage and necrosis common adipose tissue within the breast and around her. How does acute pancreatitis Acute pancreatitis is manifested with pain in the epigastric region (above the navel), which gives back. Acute pancreatitis is accompanied by nausea and vomiting, perennial nature. Flatulence (bloating) – the third key symptom of acute pancreatitis. In severe cases of acute pancreatitis observed reduction in blood pressure and signs of shock caused by loss of fluid. How to diagnose acute pancreatitis Laboratory indicators of acute pancreatitis: increase of enzyme levels in the blood – amylase and lipase.
Increased amylase may be in renal failure, perforated ulcer and other diseases. Determining the level of lipase is considered more reliable indicator of acute pancreatitis. Increasing the number of white blood cells (leukocytosis), glucose, ast, triglycerides, hematocrit to evaluate the severity of acute pancreatitis. Ultrasound is used to assess biliary tract. Value-contrast spiral computed tomography reveals pancreatitis determine the degree of its severity and complications. Computed tomography the most reliable method of diagnosis of acute pancreatitis, which does not require surgical intervention. Disadvantage: the contrast agents used for this type of diagnosis, are toxic. Nuclear magnetic resonance, helps determine the presence and prevalence of necrosis and fluid buildup in the area around the pancreas. Radiography of the abdomen and thorax allows you to make a differential diagnosis.